Let’s start by defining what infertility is: the inability to conceive after a year of trying without any birth control, or 6 months for people over the age of 35. A woman may be considered infertility if she can get pregnant, but cannot carry the fetus to term.
The human reproduction system is a complicated maze in general, and an enigma individually. No two people are exactly the same, although there are some processes that you can expect to operate in the same way. Due to the complexity, it’s sometimes hard to pinpoint exactly what might have gone wrong when a couple is unable to conceive.
Factors for Men
There are internal factors that play a role in infertility.
Having a low sperm count, slow moving sperm, hormonal imbalance, sperm blockage, or having a condition named Varicocele (veins that are too large on the testicles create additional heat that is not ideal for sperm living conditions) are some of the most common reasons for infertility in men. Illnesses, such as cystic fibrosis or anything related to radiation treatments, are also big factors as they could affect the shape and movement of sperm, as well as cause blockage of sperm.
Factors for Women
The main reason for female infertility points to ovulation and is related to hormone imbalances. Some of the other causes can be fibrosis, where excessive tissue and muscle forms on the uterine walls, or physical issues with the uterus itself. Blocked fallopian tubes are also to blame for some instances of infertility.
These factors can affect both men and women:
- Heavy drug or alcohol use. Check with your doctor to see if any prescriptions could be causing an infertility issue.
- Smoking cigarettes
- Age—Couples under 30 are able to conceive faster.
- Environmental factors, such as working near pesticides and lead
- Poor diet
- Being overweight or underweight, causing your body to work harder on survival than preparing for a pregnancy.
As shown, infertility can play a factor in both men and women when trying to conceive, but neither gender is more likely than the other to be infertile. It’s been found that approximately one-third of infertility issues fall on the woman….and one-third also falls on the man. Both have about an equal chance of being infertility. The other third falls into an “unknown” category, where infertility issues were found in both the man and the woman.
Finding a Way
Infertility can be such an intimate topic. At Cypress Women’s Center, there are trained professionals ready to offer assistance when the time is right for you to explore your options. Check out their staff and experience, then make an appointment. Call 381-955-7900 or visit them online to research your health issues and see what treatments are available.